Rachel Ruysch

Rachel Ruysch

Painting
Flowers and Fruits were depicted long time ago for the first time, but in 17th and 18th centuries the still-life subgenus gained importance. Specialized painters arose throughout Europe, especially in the Netherlands. The floral still-life was particularly endorsed and considered as an aesthetic object, a symbol, to the point that it came to be codified in a treaty written by Gerard de Lairesse which was published in 1740. The treaty focusses not only on the composition, the perspective and the colour but also on the way the flowers are set according to the meaning of each species: a tulip refers to nobility, a rose to love and ephemerality. The flowers also appear in the so-called vanitas, still-life where the objects are chosen and set according to a moralizing purpose. The…
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Josep Tapiró i Baró

Josep Tapiró i Baró

Illustration
In the last half of the 19th century more and more European artists were interested in exotic old cultures, Arab matters in particular. So many of them travelled to North Africa and the Middle East. These were the so-called ‘Orientalists’. As far as the French ones are concerned, they were formally a group of artists. We need to point out the undeniable quality of painters such as Jean-Léon Gérôme, Giulio Rosati and Ludwig Deutsch, but nowadays the reality they depicted seems much stereotyped. One of the most important one, although less known, was the Catalan painter Josep Tapiró i Baró (1836-1913), whose water-colour portraits are so splendid. The water-colour possibilities are taken to a maximum quality. Since his childhood he was a friend of Mariano Fortuny. Both of them studied…
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Frederic Remington

Frederic Remington

Illustration, Painting
Most of us are unaware that we have found Frederic Remington’s works (1861-1909) a number of times in our lives. These works have been replicated ‘ad nauseam’ in all sorts of things such as decorations, movie posters or book covers. Some of his paintings depicting the conquest of the Far West, the Native Americans and the Native Indian Wars have become cultural icons nowadays. The Seventh Art, the cinema in particular, owes him so much. Some of the well-known sceneries of any classic western seem to be inspired by his paintings. Remington had a life of adventure: he experienced first-hand everything he painted. He worked as journalist, photographer, newspaper correspondent and writer. The tradition of such paintings is still fully in force in the United States of America. We need…
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